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Motivados pelo desenvolvimento da Odontologia Legal no Brasil, os autores tiveram a iniciativa de agregar mais uma ferramenta de convergência da classe pericial odontológica com o intuito de divulgar notícias, eventos, trabalhos científicos, além de contribuir para a discussão e troca de experiências entre os praticantes da perícia odontolegal. Contamos com todos para tornarmos este Blog um centro de encontro e de crescimento profissional.







segunda-feira, 22 de julho de 2013

Human identification by means of conventional and digital Cheiloscopy: a study of the literature


Abstract

One of the areas of human identification is Cheiloscopy, the name given to the study of the lips, their characteristics (such as thickness, position of the grooves and grooves) and the record of the impressions left by them. There are variations in the layout of the lines and fissures of the lips, which are unique to each individual, permanent and unchanging. The lip print rarely changes, enduring minor traumas such as inflammation or sores. In criminal investigations, lip prints, visible through the presence of lipstick, can be found on glasses, napkins, clothes, cigarettes, indicating a relationship between the subject and the scene of the crime. Latent impressions may be revealed employing specific chemicals such as powder of silver and aluminum nitrate. Although it is not a very common method, Cheiloscopy may become very useful in forensics due to the extensive amount of valuable information that it brings. The objective of this study was to review the literature on the use of Cheiloscopy in human identification, using traditional and digital methods. It was found that the literature is still in need of studies in this area. The advent of new digital technologies can facilitate the implementation of technical expertise, generating speed and objectivity. New research studies are necessary, especially in the development of digital methods. The application of Cheiloscopy can greatlyhelp with Law, in the identification of living suspects and dead individuals. In the end the benefit will fall to society as a whole. Article published in: RGO - Rev Gaúcha Odontol., Porto Alegre, v.61, n.1, p. 113-120, jan./mar., 2013.

Author: mcserra@foar.unesp.br


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